Assessment of Climate Change Impacts and Mitigation in ASEAN: Heavily Impacted with Unestablished Commitment to Act

Assessment of Climate Change Impacts and Mitigation in ASEAN: Heavily Impacted with Unestablished Commitment to Act

Vol. IV / No. 7 | November 2023

Authors:
Ali Abdullah Wibisono (Associate Professor at the Department of International Relations, Universitas Indonesia)
Ahmad Hidayat (Associate researcher at the Department of International Relations, Universitas Indonesia and and Carbon Policy Lab by CarbonEthics)

Summary

Climate change has become a significant issue in ASEAN, considering the critical geographical and socio-economic developments that intensify natural disasters, food insecurity, and territorial and migration conflicts. It transformed the climate change/environmental problem from potential risks into a real, pervasive threat to survival. Unfortunately, ASEAN has yet to see concerted significant regional efforts to achieve a global standard of climate change mitigation, preventing a 1.5°C temperature rise by 2100. ASEAN member states’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) have not aligned with the Paris Agreement as commitment varies regarding targets, strategies, and monitoring and evaluation control. The regional efforts to combat climate change could not yet qualify as an established commitment to act. Differentiated obligations based on historical emissions should be elaborated with investment, technology development, and green infrastructure to support net-zero, which should be promoted unconditionally or conditionally to international support in ASEAN countries.

Keywords: ASEAN, Climate Change Mitigation, Commitment, Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Southeast Asia

Lecturer Visit Program sebagai Wujud Keberlanjutan Kerjasama Departemen Hubungan Internasional FISIP UI dan Departemen of International and Strategic Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences Universiti Malaya

Lecturer Visit Program sebagai Wujud Keberlanjutan Kerjasama Departemen Hubungan Internasional FISIP UI dan Departemen of International and Strategic Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences Universiti Malaya

Pada 1-2 November 2023, Prof. Evi Fitriani, Ph.D. dari Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP), Universitas Indonesia, melakukan kunjungan ke Department of International and Strategic Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS), Universiti Malaya. Dalam kunjungan tersebut, Prof. Evi Fitriani memenuhi salah satu komponen penting dari kerjasama antara kedua institusi. Yaitu Lecturer Visit Program.

Selama masa kunjungannya, Prof. Evi Fitriani memberikan ceramah dalam dua mata kuliah. Pertama, dalam mata kuliah International Dispute Settlement atau Penyelesaian Sengketa Internasional dengan studi kasus ASEAN. Dalam mata kuliah tersebut, Prof. Evi Fitriani memberikan ulasan seputar bagaimana sengketa internasional yang melibatkan dan/atau terjadi di Kawasan ASEAN dapat ditangani. Beliau juga menyampaikan beberapa potensi solusi untuk sengketa yang sedang berlangsung.

Kedua, Prof. Evi Fitriani juga memberikan kuliah dalam mata kuliah Theories of International Relations atau Teori Hubungan Internasional. Dalam mata kuliah tersebut, Prof. Evi Fitriani memberikan penjelasan tentang beberapa teori Hubungan Internasional yang dapat digunakan untuk menganalisa fenomena-fenomena hubungan internasional.

Kunjungan pengajar ini merupakan salah satu program yang disetujui dalam kerjasama antara DHI FISIP UI dan DISS FASS UM. Selain untuk melakukan pengajaran dalam beberapa mata kuliah, kunjungan ini juga bertujuan untuk keberlangsungan pertukaran pengetahuan antar akademisi dari kedua institusi. Selanjutnya, keduanya juga berkomitmen untuk dapat mempertahankan dan mengembangkan kerjasama dalam bidang pengajaran dan riset.

Assessment of Climate Change Impacts and Mitigation in ASEAN: Heavily Impacted with Unestablished Commitment to Act

Sinking Coastal Cities as An Urgent Issue in the Southeast Asia Region and the Need for the Transnational Resilient City

Vol. IV / No. 8 | November 2023

Authors:
Muhammad Fatahillah, M.Si. (Associate researcher at the Department of International Relations, Universitas Indonesia)

Summary
Sea level rise is a real threat that can sink several cities in the coastal area of Southeast Asia region (ASEAN). This threat is not only experienced by small cities, but also threatens large cities and even those with the status of capitals of ASEAN member countries such as Jakarta, Bangkok, Hanoi, Manila, and Singapore. Unfortunately, this issue is only seen as part of the natural impact of the global warming phenomenon and the steps taken still appear sporadic according to the capacity of each country/city. Therefore, seriousness is needed in responding to this issue, one of which is by building cooperation and multilateralism in the form of a City Resilient Network against the threat of sinking coastal cities in the Southeast Asia region (ASEAN).

Keywords: ASEAN, land subsidence, sea level rise, sinking coastal cities, transnational resilient city networks.