Vol. III No. 1 | March 2022

Chaula Rininta Anindya (PhD Student at the Graduate School of International Relations, Ritsumeikan University, Japan)


Foreign assistance has been an indispensable part of Indonesia’s counterterrorism efforts. In the aftermath of the 2002 Bali Bombings, Indonesia has been receiving foreign assistance to enhance its counterterrorism capabilities. The deadly attack in Bali sparked concerns over the fear of the growing terrorist networks in the country and the region. Almost two decades since the Bali Bombing, counterterrorism remains an unfinished problem in the country. Despite the significant contribution of foreign assistance in improving Indonesia’s counterterrorism capabilities, doubts remain over the actual implementation. This article aims to understand the role of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE) as a proxy of the foreign agencies in implementing their programme. It will also attempt to understand the policies of the National Counter terrorism Agency (BNPT) in coordinating relevant P/CVE agencies in Indonesia.

Keywords: Foreign Assistance, Developmental, Civil Society Organizations, Counterterrorism, Terrorism